Essay Structure

In this article, we're going to look at the different types of essay structures in IELTS writing task 2. If you've taken the IELTS test before or are just about to do so, you know that good preparation and extensive practice in creating a variety of ox essays reviews is essential to building confidence.

So, what are the 5 types of essays commonly found in Task 2 of the written part of the exam?

  • To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Note: to what extent...)
  • Parse both points of view and give your opinion.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
  • Describe the problems and possible solutions OR talk about the causes and problems they cause.
  • Two questions, for example: Why is this the way it is? Is this a successful development or not?

Now we are going to focus primarily on essays from the "to what extent" category, essays-explanations and questions about problems and their solutions.

So, what is the structure of an IELTS essay? What traits should an essay have that are worthy of the highest marks for task completion and consistency/coherence? (Each of the criteria has a 25 percent impact on the overall score).

The answer to this question is quite simple: the structure of an essay is its form, composition, or framework. In other words, it is the order of the sentences, their sequence, the course of reasoning, the examples offered, and what conclusions you draw from each of the questions posed. IELTS essays are very structured, and if you are used to writing in a more eccentric or informal style, you may feel restricted. The difficulty also lies in the fact that the essays here are relatively small. To get a score of 7 or more, it is recommended that you use only 350-370 words to reveal your idea, and you need to be within 40 minutes! Now do you understand how important practice is?

Let's start by breaking down the general, basic essay structure that will be relevant to opinion essays (to what extent do you agree/disagree), reasoning (advantages/disadvantages) and texts about problems/methods to solve them.

  • Introduction. Be sure to repeat the question in your own words - this is how you present the topic of the assignment (yes, this is paraphrasing, but NOT just paraphrasing - you need to show the examiner that you really understood the question). The introduction should include a general statement, so we recommend taking the time to THINK about it when planning. In the opinion essay, you need to state your point of view and how you are going to defend it. And the next sentence should represent the essay itself. Phrases like "This essay will discuss key issues using examples from X and Y" will work for this. All three elements are equally important. In our opinion, the introduction should FORCE the test taker and make the essay flow and coherence.
  • Justify your opinion. In the introduction, you have stated your point of view and now - in the first paragraph - you should state the facts supporting your choice. The design should contain a strong statement, 2-3 accompanying sentences with explanations and additional information, a relevant example, and a conclusion from the specific paragraph.
  • State an opposing point of view. You can start with the words "However," "Although," "Despite," showing that you are changing the direction of thought. Convince the examiner of the correctness of this opinion is not necessary, but it is necessary to illuminate it. The structure here is the same: the introduction, argumentation, answers to questions - why, how, etc.
  • Summarize. The conclusion - this is a very important, albeit brief, paragraph, which is intended to summarize all the ideas and duplicate your position. It is absolutely essential for essays from the category of "to what extent" and reasoning, and is less relevant for texts about problems and solutions, where you can also express your opinion, but are not obliged to do so. Remember: there should be no new ideas in the conclusion!

Related Resources:

Mistakes when writing an essay

Structure of an essay in English

How do I write an Opinion Essay?

Structure of an essay

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