澳洲阿德莱德代写:本质主义

本质主义的主要目的是通过传授传统道德观念和基本知识来发展“模范公民”。与多年生主义相似,它强调个性发展,但不完全依赖于过去的经典作品。这是一个以“回归基础”为基础的概念,强调自然科学。它纯粹是学术性质的;自然科学占主导地位,而职业或生活技能是次要的。本质主义的学习方法与多年生主义很相似,两者都是以教师为中心的。教师是知识传授的焦点,学习者是“接受者”。澳洲阿德莱德代写:本质主义考试在本质主义教育中是至关重要的,考试成绩是衡量进步的标准。所获得的知识旨在为学生提供他们期望在外部世界应用的工作知识。
澳洲阿德莱德代写:本质主义
The focal aim of essentialism was to develop "model citizens" through the imparting of traditional moral mores and basic knowledge. Similar to perennialism, it emphasizes character development, but without the total reliance on the classic works of yesteryears. It is a concept based on "going back to basics" of learning, emphasizing the natural sciences. It is purely academic in nature; the natural sciences are predominant, while vocational or living skills are secondary.The learning approach in essentialism is quite similar to perennialism in that both are teacher-centred. The teacher is the focal point in the imparting of knowledge, with the learners being the "receivers". Exams are crucial in essentialist education, with progress measured by test scores. The knowledge gained is aimed at equipping students with a working knowledge with which they are expected to apply in the outside world.

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